The pile and the yarn are the defining features of any carpet.
Whether it’s natural or man-made, the yarn is woven through the backing of the carpet, forming a loop. This gives a ‘loop pile’ finish, or the loop may be cut to create a ‘cut pile’ carpet.
Most manufactures produce several styles and give them their own names such as Saxony, Axminster or Wilton. Each carpet's appearance, texture, and longevity is also determined by the type of fibre in the yarn.